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Identification of Hedgehog pathway components by RNAi in Drosophila cultured cells.

TitleIdentification of Hedgehog pathway components by RNAi in Drosophila cultured cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsLum L, Yao S, Mozer B, Rovescalli A, Von Kessler D, Nirenberg M, Beachy PA
JournalScience (New York, N.Y.)
Date Published2003 Mar 28
KeywordsAnimals, Casein Kinases, Cells, Cultured, Computational Biology, Congenital Abnormalities, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, Drosophila, Drosophila Proteins, Embryo, Nonmammalian, Gene Expression Regulation, Genes, Insect, Genome, Genomics, Hedgehog Proteins, Neoplasms, Protein Kinases, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Proteoglycans, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, RNA Interference, RNA, Double-Stranded, Signal Transduction, Transfection, Wnt1 Protein

Classical genetic screens can be limited by the selectivity of mutational targeting, the complexities of anatomically based phenotypic analysis, or difficulties in subsequent gene identification. Focusing on signaling response to the secreted morphogen Hedgehog (Hh), we used RNA interference (RNAi) and a quantitative cultured cell assay to systematically screen functional roles of all kinases and phosphatases, and subsequently 43% of predicted Drosophila genes. Two gene products reported to function in Wingless (Wg) signaling were identified as Hh pathway components: a cell surface protein (Dally-like protein) required for Hh signal reception, and casein kinase 1alpha, a candidate tumor suppressor that regulates basal activities of both Hh and Wg pathways. This type of cultured cell-based functional genomics approach may be useful in the systematic analysis of other biological processes.

Alternate JournalScience

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